Romania is a country with a favorable environment for sheep breeding, with many pasturing fields and beautiful hills for the lambs and sheep. About 20% of the country’s land areas and about 30% of Romanian agricultural areas are covered by permanent pasture.
That’s why, for Romanians, sheep breeding is a tradition that has been, is and will continue to be an important part of agriculture and, for this reason, Romania has managed to become the third largest sheep flock in the EU after Great Britain and Spain, according to Eurostat statistics.
With a total number of sheep in the country that was reaching to 9.8 million head in 2016, this country has numerous sheep breeders that consistently exports livestock in Europe and, via sea routes, in countries like Libia, Tunisia, Egypt, Israel or Lebanon.
Breed categories and their characteristics
There are two important categories of autochthon native sheep breeds that Romania raised and exports: the Tsurcana – also called “The Queen of the Mountains” – with 69.9 % of all Romanian sheep, followed by the Tsigai breed, the second most important sheep breed from this country, with 24.3% of all Romanian sheep.
Also, you can find in Romania even the Karakul breed that was imported here in the 19th century and re-named Romanian Karakul.
Karakul sheep is characterized by the fat deposit at the base of the tail rather than elsewhere in the carcass. And this fat has a distinctive texture and flavor that are valued highly in central Asian cuisine and not only!
Tsurcana – is the sheep of Sibiu transhumant shepherds and is a multi-purpose breed raised for milk, meat and wool production. It has a denser underwool with long and thick hairs grow over and the dark markings from the eyes and lips are similar characteristics with the most common breed of domestic sheep in the United Kingdom, the Scottish Blackface.
The Tsigai sheep – is the sheep of Brasov and Covasna transhumant shepherds and is kept extensively in mountainous and sub-mountainous regions with large pasture areas. Tsigai sheep are a multipurpose sheep breed with a live weight of 79 to 90 kg, with white, rarely black, wool and reddish, white or spotted face and legs. Rams are horned or polled and ewes are polled or have small horns.
Romanian sheep export
So Romania exports a large number of live sheep and one of the biggest exporters, with an extensive experience in the sheep breeding, slaughtering and trading, is Seradria – a company with over 20 years of tradition in sheep breeding and selling lambs.
The farm – which you can find on www.seradria.com – has 10 ha2 and a capacity of 150,000 sheep, lambs, cattle and bulls, and is created in accordance with all standardization required by the Union European.
Seradria exports livestock via sea routes to the Mediterranean region, in North Africa and Eastern Mediterranean coast, and is able to provide shipments of livestock to countries from the Arab Peninsula, with access to Israel and Lebanon.
The transit takes around 2 or 3 weeks, depending on the destination, speed of the vessel and, of course, on the weather on the sea.